The 3rd Dvořák Lecture
Since their discovery in 1971 the superfluid phases of Helium-3 have proved to be the ideal testing ground for many fundamental concepts of modern physics. Phenomena such as Cooper pairing, macroscopic quantum coherence, spontaneous breaking of high symmetries, and the formation of exotic topological defects are not only an important enrichment of the physics of condensed matter,
but also provide important links to particle physics, the structure of the early universe and, most recently, quantum turbulence. In my lecture, I will present a simple introduction into the physics of superfluid Helium-3, and describe the progress made in this fascinating field of basic research.