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Germanene: graphene’s little sister

Úterý, 20.03.2018 10:00

Přednášející: Harold J.W. Zandvliet (Physics of Interfaces and Nanomaterials and MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500AE Enschede, The Netherlands)
Místo: Cukrovarnická 10, Praha 6, Budova A, knihovna, 1. patro
Pořadatelé: Oddělení tenkých vrstev a nanostruktur

Recently, a few research groups have reported the growth of germanene, a new member of the graphene family [1]. Germanene is in many aspects very similar to graphene, but in contrast to the planar graphene lattice, the germanene honeycomb lattice is slightly buckled and composed of two vertically displaced sub-lattices. Frist principles total energy calculations have revealed that free-standing germanene is a two-dimensional Dirac fermion system, i.e. the electrons behave as massless relativistic particles that are described by the Dirac equation, i.e. the relativistic variant of the Schrödinger equation. We will give a brief update of the growth and electronic properties of germanene on Ge2Pt nanocrystals [2,3] as well as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) [4]. The density of states of the germanene layers synthesized on the Ge2Pt nanocrystals and MoS2 substrates exhibits a V-shape, which is one of the hallmarks of a two-dimensional Dirac system.



[1] A. Acun et al. J. Phys. Cond. Mat. 27, 443002 (2015) and references therein.

[2] P. Bampoulis et al. J. Phys. Cond. Mat., 26, 442001 (2014).

[3] L. Zhang et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 111605 (2015).

[4] L. Zhang et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 256804 (2016).