Pb(Hf0.77Sn0.23)03 crystals were characterized using x-ray diffraction and 119Sn Mossbauer spectroscopy in a wide temperature range. The nature of two intermediate phases, situated between antiferroelectric ground-state and high temperature paraelectric phase, has been unveiled. The lower-temperature one is characterized by incommensurate modulations while the higher-T intermediate phase is defined by anti-phase rotations of oxygen octahedra. Two kinds of quadrupole splitting indicate that the environment of Sn is locally non-centrosymmetric even in the cubic phase.
Contact person: Marek Paściak
Collaborating institutions: Pedagogical Univerisity in Cracow, Military University in Warsaw, Silesian University in Katowice.