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Ferroionic states: coupling surface electrochemistry with bulk ferroelectricity

Tuesday, 16.01.2018 10:00

Speakers: Sergei V. Kalinin (The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831)
Place: Přednáškový sál FZU na Slovance
Presented in English
Organisers: Department of Dielectrics
Abstract: Ferroelectricity on the nanoscale has remained a subject of much fascination in condensed matter physics for the last several decades. It is well-recognized that stability of the ferroelectric state necessitates effective polarization screening, and hence screening mechanism and screening charge dynamics become strongly coupled to ferroelectric phase stability and domain behavior. Previously, the role of the screening charge in macroscopic ferroelectrics was observed in phenomena such as potential retention above Curie temperature, back switching of ferroelectric domains, and chaos and intermittency during domain switching. In the last several years, multiple reports claiming ferroelectricity in ultrathin ferroelectrics based on formation of remanent polarization states, local hysteresis loops, and pressure induced switching were made. However, similar phenomena were reported for traditionally non-ferroelectric materials, creating significant level of uncertainty in the field. We pose that in the nanoscale systems, the ferroelectric state is fundamentally inseparable from electrochemical state of the surface, leading to emergence of coupled electrochemical-ferroelectric states. I will present the results of experimental and theoretical work exploring the basic mechanisms of emergence of these coupled states including the basic theory and phase-field formulation for domain evolution. I further discuss the thermodynamics and thickness evolution of this state using analytical theory and phase-field modelling. These considerations further stimulate the development of the novel SPM modalities addressing time-dependent dynamics and chemical changes during SPM imaging. I will introduce the general data acquisition mode (GMode) of SPM, based on full data capture and subsequent information theory and physics based analysis of the data stream. I will further delineate the applications of in-situ SPM – time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF SIMS) to map the changes in surface chemistry during tribological and local electrochemical experiments, including ferroelectric polarization switching and pressure-induced resistance changes in oxides. These analyses reconcile multiple prior studies, and set forward the predictive pathways for new generations of ferroelectric devices and applications.