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Professor Gérard Mourou, one of the idea fathers of the Extreme Light Infrastructure project, won on Tuesday, along with two other scientists, the 2018 Nobel Prize for Physics, „for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics”. Thanks to their inventions, which revolutionised laser physics, advanced precision instruments are opening up unexplored areas of research and a multitude of industrial and medical applications. The other two scientists are the American Arthur Ashkin and the Canadian Donna Strickland

FZU researchers recently introduced a new transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) like deformation mechanism activated in NiTi shape memory alloys at elevated temperatures and stresses. The mechanism involving coupled martensitic transformation, deformation twinning and dislocation slip explains gradual loss of functional behavior of NiTi alloys with increasing temperature and stress, refinement of microstructure and excellent deformability at very high stresses.

The unique L3-HAPLS laser system, developed by the...

Discoveries made by the international team of the ASPIN project lead by Tomáš Jungwirth from the Department of Spintronics and Nanoelectronics of the Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences have attracted worldwide attention. In order to create a new type of memory its members have used antiferromagnets, materials that had never before been considered for these purposes - not even theoretically.